Pg. 149-155
How have People Responded to Ultranationalism?

By Curtis, Ben, Mitch

Ultranationalism- An extreme form of nationalism. Ultranationalists are often fanatically loyal to their own nation and hostile and racist toward other nations.

Ultranationalism can alter most aspects of a countries life including: Social, economic, cultural, political, and spiritual. The ultranationalists that are in control of these countries commonly use fear and propaganda to spread their views and beliefs.

Appeasement as a Response to Ultranationalism
Before WWII countries felt that they should appease Hitler. They hoped that the appeasement (Appeasement- Giving in to demands) would keep Hitler at bay. Neville Chamberlain, Edouard Daladier, Benito Mussolini, met Hitler to discuss the takeover of Sudetenland. Chamberlain said “the peoples of the British empire were at one with those of Germany, of France, and of Italy” in “Their anxiety, their intense desire for peace.” Churchill disagreed and said “an appeaser is someone that feeds a crocodile hoping it will eat him last.” He also said “Neville Chamberlain, Edouard Daladier, Benito Mussolini had to choose between war and dishonour, they chose dishonour; they will have war” In 1939 Hitler took Czechoslovakia, appeasement failed.

external image chamberlain.jpg

Failure of the League of Nations
By 1934, 58 countries were members of the League of Nations This group was created after WWI, and agreed to help one another and maintain peace. This league saved each other using many different tactics, for example: They could use military force, use diplomacy to get the invader out, or putting trade barriers in.

The League Of Nations Failing
The League Of Nations Failing

When the First World War was over, Italy and Germany were both treated poorly. Mussolini, was appointed prime minister in 1922 and soon established himself as a dictator and ruled through fear. Italy expected to be rewarded, but were not, they wanted to conquer Ethiopia. In 1935 Mussolini invaded Ethiopia. Haile Selassie went to the League of Nations, the League imposed trade sanctions and many countries ignored them. Ethiopia received little or no National support.

War as a Response to Ultranationalism
-September 1, 1939 Hitler invaded Poland
-September 3, 1939 Britain and France declared war on Germany
-September 10, 1939 Canada Joins Britain and France
-April 1994, Rwandan Genocide. Tutsis vs. Hutus

Total War
All the war involved Nations, used propaganda to come out and support their ideas and decisions. Employment restrictions and military censorship on all letters from our enforced members prisoners of war.

During The War

Conscription in Canada (Conscription- compulsory military service)
Canadian Government introduced conscription in WWI, this divided the country. Farmers and Québécois did not want conscription, almost everyone else did however. In WWII, Mackenzie King promised to not use conscription, but in 1942 Canada was short of soldiers, a vote was held to break the no-conscription promise.

Internment in Canada (Internment- being in prison)
During WWI, and WWII throughout Canada, immigrants from the enemy countries were depicted as aliens, and put in placed in internment camps. When this happened, these people lost everything they had. The Government sold their belongings to pay for them to live in the camps.

Japanese Internment Camps

After the Mass destruction of WWII, the United Nations was formed to keep peace. In 1956 when the Egyptians wanted the Suez Canal, there was a disagreement and the World was again on the brink of War. Pearson suggested that the UN send a force, this tradition has continued through to today.
external image raising_peacekeeping_dividends.jpg

Copyright 2009

Refrence: Pages 149-155 in Exploring nationalism by McGraw-Hill Ryerson publishing and teacher tube.