In the past, beliefs and values have caused people to commit crimes against humanity. Nation-states such as Germany, Turkey, Japan and the Soviet Union comitted these crimes. Therefore, some ethnic nations have nearly disappeared.


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Genocide in Turkey-1915
Islam was the official relgion in Turkey but there were many Armenian citizens as well. Most of the Armenians were Christians who had kept their national identity, language and culture even though they were under Ottoman Rule for hundreds of years. Because they affirmed their identity, they were discriminated against. In the late 1800's, some Armenian nationalists fought for self-determination which resulted in the mass killing of Armenians by Turks.

In 1914 the Young Turks - an ultranationalist political party that controlled the Ottoman-Turkish government - ordered for the Armenians to be killed. The orders, which are often called the "Ten Commandments" included the following instructions:

-Apply measures to exterminate all males under 50, priests, and teachers; leave girls and children to be Islamized.

-Carry away the families of all who succeed in escaping and apply measures to cut them off from all connection with their native place.

-Kill off in an appropriate manner all Armenians in the army - this to be left to the military to do.

April 24, 1915 - Turkish soldiers were given orders to carry out the "Ten Commandments". Armenian leaders were arrested, thousands were murdered and many were deported without food or water. The Armenians were forced to walk through mountains and over barren regions to Syria a.k.a Iraq. Less than 100 000 of the 2 000 000 of the Armenians survived this slaughter. During WWI, France and Britain claimed they would punish the Ottoman government for the mass killings but after the war little was done. Turkey found some of the leaders guilty but they fled to Germany before the trial was held in 1919.

It is believed that Hitler got his idea for the Genocide of the Jews from the extermination of the Armenians.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EJedvAEfHeQ

Famine In Ukraine - 1932-1933

Ukraine was ruled by Russia for almost 150 years. In 1918 Ukraine tried to claim independence and failed. Ukraine was ideal for growing wheat and was known as the breadbasket of Europe. The (Kulaks) Ukrainian farmers were in major support of the independent movement. When Joseph Stalin was in power he declared that the Ukrainian farmland belonged to the state. Many Ukrainian burned their crops in rebellion. Stalin began shipping the Ukrainian wheat to Russia, this wheat was sold in international markets to fund the soviet army and carry out modernization of Russia. The Ukrainian borders were sealed, no one could get in no one could get out. By 1933 between 3 and 7 million Ukrainians had starved to death or killed by the soviet army.

Recognizing the Ukraine Famine- Stalin never admitted to starving the Ukrainians. And it wasn't unitl 2006 that the Ukrainian government declared that the famine was an act of Genocide against the Ukrainians. But Russia still does not agree to this judgement.



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The Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki- 1945


Policies created to support national interests are usually made to protect the physical security of a nation and its people. Also to make sure they are ecomonically stable and prosperous and to promote their values, beliefs and culture. Lots of people believed that dropping the atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 was in the United States national interests. U.S military experts had predicted that if the bombs hadn't been dropped, Japan and U.S would start a war and many would die. The U.S president at the time, Harry.S.Truman, made the final decision to drop the bombs he wanted to avoid the war at all costs and save lives. Some believe that his decison was not right and some believe that he should have warned the Japanese.


File:Nagasakibomb.jpg
File:Nagasakibomb.jpg